Saffron is a symbol of wisdom and wealth, as substantive as spiritual. This spice has been known since ancient times and was used in Mesopotamia 5,000 years ago and is mentioned in the Bible. The name comes from the Persian word “ za’faran”, which translated literally means “be yellow”.
Saffron has a reputation as the most expensive spice in the world.
Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) Is derived from plants of the family Iridaceous which has a short blooming season – just three weeks of the year. The manufacturing process of this spice is painstaking, and it is very expensive, price per gram ranges between 5 and 15 Euros.
This is a valued spice that is used in almost all over the world, and it is often called the “king of spices“. Although best known as a spice, because of their specific yellow color is used as a natural colorant in the food industry and for medical purposes.
Normally used pestle saffron, but for medical purposes can be used and petals of this plant.
The medicinal properties of saffron:
Saffron has a long history of medicinal use, and it is mentioned even in the oldest Ayurvedic scriptures.
- Strengthens the immune system and increases vitality. Its ingredient safranal (a powerful antioxidant) that fights free radicals – compounds responsible for the aging of cells.
- This spice has anti-cancer properties – substances krokin, safranal and pikrokrocin of saffron inhibit the growth of cancer cells.
- Improves vision and successfully neutralizes the most common causes of vision loss and blindness in the elderly.
- Relieves premenstrual symptoms and soothes stomach ache.
- For example, safflower tea is used to treat depression. Studies have shown that regular consumption of tea stimulates the feeling of happiness.
- Saffron is used to improve blood circulation and healing bruises. Also regulates cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood, also helps to treat atherosclerosis, arthritis and asthma.
- Is effective in the treatment of: acne, warts and other skin ailments. Relieves cramps, and can be used as a diuretic
- It is used as a remedy for kidney disease, regulates digestion, and relieves headaches, migraines and dizziness.
Daily consumption of Saffron:
- It is recommended to be taken only in small quantities – up to 200 mg daily.
Saffron uses in cooking:
- Saffron now is the most used in gastronomy. Intensive odorless, slightly bitter taste, but a quarter of a teaspoon is enough to give food flavor and color.
- Typically used in the preparation of sweets and rice dishes. In Italy it seasoned risotto
- It is kept in a closed container in a dark, cool place, and shelf life is three years from the date of packaging.
- Saffron, which is located in selling packaged in very small quantities, in the form of dried fiber or crushed.