What Is Anorexia?

Anorexia nervosa is a mental illness  that frightens and fascinates. Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder, which results in a drastic loss of body weight.

People who suffer from anorexia are obsessed with weight loss. If they looks like a skeleton, they think they’re fat. Although anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder, the reason is not just the food. Anorexia is also a way in which a person tries to deal with his emotional problems, perfectionism and the desire to control everything.

anorexia-nervosa

  • In 90% of cases of anorexia sufferers girls and women
  • Begins in the teenage years.
  • Anorexia kills more people than any other mental illness. Dies about 10% of patients, 20% remain chronically ill, and finally completely recovers only about 40%.
  • It is estimated that about 1% of all women and girls in the United States suffer from anorexia. Others say that the figure is more.

Signs of Anorexia:

  1. Anorexic withdraws from society, ceases to go out and spend time with friends.
  2. Anorexic people have frequent depression, and even desire for suicide.
  3. Very often departs from the closest (parents).
  4. Refuses to heal, refuses help from parents and friends.
  5. When asked to go to the doctor or to be better nourished, reacts very violently. Anorexic may be on the verge of death, but she thinks it’s all right with her.

Types of Anorexia:

Anorexia can be divided into two types. For both, characteristics is losing body weight and the limit is so low that often overlap.

  1. Self-Limitation: Anorexic people try to lose weight by restricting the amount of food intake and through excessive exercise.
  2. Vomiting: Anorexic trying in various ways to get rid of the calories: after a meal causes vomiting, taking laxatives or diuretics, or doing an enema.

Both types of anorexia nervosa, unless drastic weight loss, have other symptoms:

Symptoms of Anorexia:

  1. Looks like skeleton
  2. Irregular heartbeat
  3. Chronic Fatigue
  4. Low blood pressure
  5. Dizziness and fainting
  6. Loss of menstruation
  7. Low body temperature (feeling cold permanent)
  8. Dehydration
  9. Osteoporosis
  10. Brittle nails
  11. Hair fall
  12. Thin hairs that grow on the body

Emotional and behavioral signs:

  1. Refusal to feed
  2. Neglect of hunger
  3. Problems with concentration
  4. Frequent depression, suicidal thoughts
  5. Excessive exercise
  6. Apathy, lack of emotion

Anorexia symptoms are not always visible. Anorexic people are very skilled to hide from others their problems.

Complications:

Anorexia-diagram

Anorexia can have many complications. The worst of them can lead to death. Anorexia has the highest mortality rate of any degree of mental illness – about 10%. Death can occur unexpectedly – and not just because of drastic weight loss, death may be the result of irregular heartbeat – arrhythmia – or imbalance of electrolytes in the body of the patient.

Anorexic people can have not only physical, but also psychological complications, such as:

  1. Depression
  2. Anxiety Disorders
  3. Obsession
  4. Narcotics addiction

Treatment of Anorexia:

  1. Medical supervision: Because of the many complications caused by anorexia nervosa, in most cases, require continuous monitoring of vital functions and level of dehydration of the organism and watching her mental condition. This is usually done by a family doctor, who coordinates patient care in collaboration with a team physician or psychologist.
  2. Psychotherapy: The doctor will decide whether you need a psychiatric hospitalization, or the patient can stay at home and go to therapy. Individual therapy can help a sick with a correction of behavior and change his way of thinking.
  3. Family therapy is important in a child who lives with his parents. It is very effective in resolving family conflicts, which arise due to the behavior anorexic person. Collective therapy can also render good results if the patient group provides help and support. Be careful because collective therapy can reverse the result. Patients will be competing with others in thinness.
  4. Nutritional therapy: Nutritionist will suggest an appropriate diet. Nutritionist may be necessary to draw up a menu and calculate how many calories the patient should be taken to keep his weight. In serious cases, an anorexic person would need to receive food through a special tube that goes through the nose to the stomach.
  5. Drugs: There are no medications that treat anorexia. Because depression and anxiety, which usually accompany anorexia, often prescribe antidepressants probably, your doctor will also prescribe vitamins and minerals, to compensate for their shortage in the body.
  6. Hospitalization: In case of serious complications, mental health problems, strong malnutrition, dehydration, irregular heartbeat or persistent refusal of food the patient can be hospitalized. Some hospital specializing in treating people with eating disorders. Such hospitals can provide the best treatment.

 

Alternative Treatment of Anorexia:

  • Examination of the patient.
  • The doctor will examine the person to determine what the damage done anorexia. So will prescribe treatment and medications.
  • Therapy to improve mental condition.
  • Because anorexia nervosa is mental illness, a doctor will concentrate on it to eliminate its cause. Will choose treatment for the correction of the patient’s mental condition. There are several types of such treatment:
  • Drug: The doctor will prescribe natural remedies, which will compensate for the lack of vitamins and minerals in the body, to restore her strength and mental balance.
  • Nutritional therapy: Your doctor will prescribe a mandatory diet that will improve not only physical but also psychological condition of the patient. It is very important to follow.
  • Breathing exercises: Very efficient, and perfectly free. Especially helpful for mental illness, soothe the mind, fill you with joy and peace.
  • Mantra: If your doctor has graduated from the school of Jyotish (the ancient art of constructing and interpreting horoscopes) can view horoscope ill and establish karmic cause of disease.

 

With proper treatment, anorexic person can return healthy eating habits and undo the effects of the mental illness.

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